Uterine Fibroids Doctor in Wakad

Uterine fibroids are benign growths in the uterus that typically manifest during a woman's childbearing years. Commonly referred to as leiomyomas (lie-o-my-O-muhs) or myomas. These non-cancerous tumors can often go unnoticed for extended periods. Dr. Poonam Patole, a medical professional specializing in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, notes that while not all fibroids exhibit symptoms, those that do may result in heavy menstrual bleeding, frequent urination, and pain during sexual intercourse. Treatment for fibroids varies, with small fibroids often requiring no intervention, while larger ones may necessitate medication or surgery.

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Dr. Poonam Patole, a leading gynecologist-obstetrician in Wakad, Pune, specializes in uterine fibroids, noncancerous growths prevalent during childbearing years. With expertise spanning routine pelvic exams and prenatal care, Dr. Patole diagnoses fibroids, emphasizing their noncancerous nature.

These growths, ranging from tiny to substantial masses, may cause symptoms like heavy bleeding and pelvic pain. Dr. Patole encourages women, especially those at higher risk, to stay vigilant for symptoms and seek timely medical attention.

Her patient-centered approach focuses on personalized care, ensuring comprehensive reproductive health management for women under her expert guidance. Regular check-ups are pivotal for monitoring potential complications.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

Symptoms vary among women with fibroids, and many may not experience any noticeable signs. However, for those who do, the nature and intensity of symptoms are influenced by factors such as the location, size, and quantity of fibroids. Common signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids in women who experience them include:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Menstrual periods that extend beyond a week
  • Pelvic pressure or pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache or leg pains

Rarely, a fibroid can cause acute pain when it outgrows its blood supply, and begins to die. Fibroids are generally classified by their location. Intramural fibroids grow within the muscular uterine wall. Submucosal fibroids bulge into the uterine cavity. Subserosal fibroids project to the outside of the uterus.

When to Consult a Doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience:
  • Persistent pelvic pain
  • Excessively heavy, prolonged, or painful periods
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder
  • Unexplained low red blood cell count (anemia)
Seek immediate medical attention if you have:
  • Severe vaginal bleeding
  • Sudden, sharp pelvic pain

  • Causes of Uterine Fibroids

    The exact cause of uterine fibroids remains unknown, but research and clinical experience suggest the following factors:
    • 1. Genetic changes: Many fibroids exhibit alterations in genes that differ from those in typical uterine muscle cells.
    • 2. Hormones: Estrogen and progesterone, hormones that stimulate the development of the uterine lining in preparation for pregnancy during each menstrual cycle, seem to contribute to fibroid growth. Fibroids contain more estrogen and progesterone receptors than typical uterine muscle cells. Fibroids generally shrink after menopause due to decreased hormone production.
    • 3. Other growth factors: Substances aiding the body in maintaining tissues, such as insulin-like growth factor, may influence fibroid growth.
    • 4. Extracellular matrix (ECM): ECM is the material that binds cells together, akin to mortar between bricks. Fibroids have an increased amount of ECM, making them fibrous. ECM also stores growth factors and induces biological changes in the cells.
    Doctors believe uterine fibroids originate from a stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus (myometrium). This single cell undergoes repeated division, forming a firm, rubbery mass distinct from surrounding tissue. The growth patterns of uterine fibroids can vary — they may grow slowly or rapidly, remain the same size, go through growth spurts, or even shrink on their own. Many fibroids that are present during pregnancy often shrink or disappear after pregnancy as the uterus returns to its usual size.

    Risk factors of uterine fibroids

    There are a few identified risk factors for uterine fibroids, particularly for women of reproductive age. These factors influencing the development of fibroids include:
    • Race. While fibroids can develop in women of any race during their reproductive years, black women are more prone to having fibroids than women of other racial groups. Moreover, black women tend to develop fibroids at younger ages, and they are more likely to experience larger fibroids with more severe symptoms.
    •  Heredity. If your mother or sister has had fibroids, your risk of developing them increases. There appears to be a familial predisposition to fibroid development.
    • Other factors. Several lifestyle and health factors can contribute to an increased risk of fibroids. .These include: .Early onset of menstruation .Obesity .Vitamin D deficiency .A diet that is higher in red meat and lower in green vegetables, fruits, and dairy .Consumption of alcohol, including beer These factors may play a role in the development of uterine fibroids, emphasizing the importance of understanding and managing risk factors to promote women's reproductive health. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers can aid in monitoring and addressing potential risks associated with uterine fibroids.


    While uterine fibroids are generally not considered dangerous, they can bring about discomfort and may result in complications, such as a decrease in red blood cells (anemia) due to heavy blood loss, leading to fatigue. In rare cases, blood loss might be severe enough to necessitate a transfusion.
    Pregnancy and fibroids Regarding pregnancy and fibroids, these growths typically don't impede the ability to conceive. However, there is a possibility that fibroids, particularly submucosal ones, could contribute to infertility or pregnancy loss. Fibroids might also elevate the risk of specific pregnancy complications, including placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and preterm delivery.

    Prevention for Fibroids

    While researchers are still exploring the causes of fibroid tumors, there is limited scientific evidence on how to prevent them. Preventing uterine fibroids may not be entirely possible, but it's worth noting that only a small percentage of these tumors require treatment. By adopting healthy lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a healthy weight and incorporating fruits and vegetables into your diet, you may be able to reduce your risk of developing fibroids. Additionally, some research suggests that using hormonal contraceptives might be linked to a lower risk of fibroids.

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